Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov was born in Moscow in 1810 and died in 1881 in his country estate, where he was exiled after his discharging from public service.
He entered the University at the age of 16. It was the faculty of Medicine in the Moscow State University (MSU). After finishing MSU he went abroad to study there and to have a bit of practice. He worked as a lecturer in the University of Tartumaa (West Russia, now Estonia). Then N. I. Pirogov was invited to lead the department of surgeon in the Surgery Academy (St. Petersburg, Russia). He also established the clinic of Hospital Surgery.
Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov always understood the role of anatomy in the medical education. In his researches he used frozen cadavers, sectioned in 3 planes. Essentially it was a starting point of topographical anatomy. He published the book called „Topographical Anatomy, Illustrated With Incision, Made In Three Planes Through The Frozen Cadaver“.
Some years after, Sevastopol was defeated, Pirogov returned to St. Petersburg to report on it to Russian Imperator Alexander II. Of course, this news didn? t please the Imperator and Pirogov was sent to Odessa (South Russia, now Ukraine) as the Odessa education area curator. After Alexander? s murder N. I. Pirogov was discharged from public service without pension.
Pirogov went to his estate not far from Vinnitsa (Russia, now Ukraine), founded the free hospital and died in 1881.
Now his body is being kept in mausoleum near his estate. He also invented the substation that is being used in his embalming.